HÀ NỘI — Average occupancy of five-star hotels was up four percentage points quarter-on-quarter (QoQ) and 10 percentage points year-on-year (YoY) to 74 per cent, according to a quarterly report by Savills Việt Nam.
The hotel segment performed well in terms of occupancy and price in the first quarter this year, the company said. Average room rates were up 21 per cent QoQ and 41 per cent YoY. Revenue per available room was up 28 per cent QoQ and 64 per cent YoY.
Người Đồng Hành online newspaper quoted Đỗ Thu Hằng of Savills Hà Nội as saying that the good performance of the five-star hotel segment in the first quarter was partly due to strong growth in the number of foreign visitors – a 10 per cent increase to 1.3 million in the first quarter, with supply unchanged.
“Forty per cent of foreign visitors to Việt Nam stay in Hà Nội, leading to higher demand for five-star hotels, while supply was unchanged. So existing five-star hotels in Hà Nội had to operate under full capacity, pushing the average room rate up,” Hằng said.
In 2017, more than 900 new rooms will be introduced, Savills Hà Nội said.
Hằng said northern cities and provinces, including Quảng Ninh, Hải Phòng, Lào Cai and Vĩnh Phúc, have upgraded transport infrastructure and expanded entertainment venues, such as SunWorld Hạ Long Park, to attract customers to resort and hotel projects.
The hotel market has recovered in some northern cities and provinces, Hằng said. In Quảng Ninh, the three-star to five-star hotel segment has had average occupancy at 60-70 per cent while occupancy of four-star and five-star hotels reached 70 per cent in Lào Cai Province.
With a recovery in the hotel segment, the success of resort projects in the North will depend on design, views and operation mode, Hằng said.
Hotel supply up
Troy Griffiths Deputy Managing Director of Savills Vietnam said HCM City had the largest hotel supply in Việt Nam, with approximately 16,000 three to five-star rooms, 70 per cent more than Hà Nội. In 2016, both had similar occupancy rates of approximately 70 per cent, but future supply rates will diverge.
Over the next three years, HCM City expects 3,500 new rooms, a 22 per cent increase. Pressure will be higher in Hà Nội, with future supply accounting for up to 50 per cent of the current stock.
The coastal city of Nha Trang has the largest hotel supply among coastal cities, with over 12,000 three to five-star rooms and the highest occupancy rates. In 2016, the city had 1.2 million international arrivals, 30 per cent lower than Đà Nẵng, he said.
Phú Quốc was an ideal destination for high-end hospitality in the fourth quarter of 2016, the five-star segment accounted for 71 per cent of the 2,500 three to five-star hotel rooms. However, as an early-developed market, a large future supply may challenge developers to improve performance.
Griffiths said arrivals to Hà Nội and HCM City were now being marginally undercut by growth in capacity and number of direct flight to other key cities.
Emerging coastal destinations such as Đà Nẵng, Nha Trang and Phú Quốc are becoming more competitive, with direct international flights.
In 2016, a tropical and island location makes Phú Quốc an attractive destination and new alternative for international travellers with an arrival growth rate of 40 per cent. Đà Nẵng at over 30 per cent and Nha Trang at 23 per cent also exceeded the growth in international arrival rates of HCM City (10 per cent) and Hà Nội (19 per cent).
The rapid growth of the tourism industry has strained airport infrastructure. In 2016, total international arrivals by air reached more than 8.2 million, accounting for more than 80 per cent of total arrivals. Exceeding their capacity were HCM City at 130 per cent and Nha Trang at 320 per cent. Đà Nẵng airport operated at 113 per cent of capacity despite a 2011 upgrade from 4.5 to 6 million passengers per year.
The Government has increased efforts to tackle airport capacity constraints. Over the next two years, Tân Sơn Nhất Airport in HCM City will increase capacity from 25 to 38 million passengers per year.
By 2017, the current Đà Nẵng domestic terminal with its capacity of 9 million passengers per year will be expanded by an additional 4-6 million passengers per year. Nha Trang is behind schedule, with the operation of the first phase of the Cam Ranh airport expansion pushed back from early 2016 to the first quarter of 2018. With 4.8 million arrivals in 2016, the planned capacity upgrade to 2.5 million passengers per year will be insufficient, even given current levels, he said.
According to the Government’s master plan, approximately US$5.6 billion in investment is needed for airport infrastructure up to 2020.
„Infrastructure development is a key factor when evaluating hospitality development, particularly as there has been new supply growth of up to 30 per cent per annum over the past three years in Đà Nẵng, Nha Trang and HCM City,“ Griffiths said.
Source: Vietnam News
Photo: CBR Investment AG